Morpholine is an organic chemical compound having the chemical formulaO(CH2CH2)2NH. This heterocyclic, pictured at right, features both amine and ether functional. Because of the amine, morpholine is a base; its conjugate acid is called morpholinium. For example, neutralizing morpholine with hydrochloric acid makes the salt morpholinium chloride.
- Morpholine is used as a chemical emulsifier in the process of waxing fruit.
- It is commonly used to generate examines.
- Morpholine is widely used in organic synthesis.
- In research and in industry, the low cost and polarity of morpholine lead to its common use as a solvent for chemical reactions.